Grid deck systems are often associated with movable bridges, which is not surprising because you won’t drive over many that don’t have an open steel grid deck, and you can’t miss the noise and ride quality they produce. However, when you drive over a concrete filled steel grid or Exodermic bridge deck on a fixed span structure or newer movable bridge, you almost certainly won’t know it’s a grid deck because it has a top concrete surface just like a conventional reinforced deck.
As a comparison, by square footage, there has been 3-4x more concrete filled steel grid decks (including Exodermic) installed in the last 6-7 years as there has been open grid. Concrete filled grid and Exodermic bridge decks are often used on truss bridges, suspension bridges, cable stay bridges, and even newer movable bridges for weight savings. They are also used quite frequently on accelerated construction projects when speed of installation is of utmost importance. These systems can be precast and installed in weekend, or even overnight closures to reduce the impact on motorists. Here is a list of just a couple bridges that people may not realize have a concrete filled steel grid deck:
- Mackinac Bridge, MI
- Brooklyn Bridge, NY
- Manhattan Bridge, NY
- Walt Whitman Bridge, PA
- NB South Grand Island Bridge, NY
- Henry Hudson Bridge, NY
- Mathews Bridge, FL
Most grid deck systems are installed with a concrete roadway surface similar to a conventional cast-in-place rebar deck and therefore are typically unnoticed by motorists. However, open grid deck systems can be more noisy and lead to anxiety by drivers’ crossing over long span structures. Slip resistance often is a concern for open grid deck systems. Studies have shown that serrations on the top of the main bars improves traction and diagonal open grid decks are less prone to wheel tracking along the cross bars.
Walt Whitman Bridge receives new steel grid deck system
Designed by renowned civil engineer Othmar Ammann and constructed by American Bridge Co., the Walt Whitman Bridge was first opened to traffic in 1957 and utilized a concrete-filled steel grid deck. The seven-lane 3,540-ft-long suspension bridge… Read More
Accelerated Bridge Construction (ABC) Used to Replace Allegheny County, PA Bridge No. 6 over Montour Run During Extended Thanksgiving Weekend Closure
“The Montour Run Bridge No. 6 in North Fayette and Moon Townships, PA, carries Scott Road over the Montour Run just a few miles west of downtown Pittsburgh. The existing bridge was badly deteriorated and needed to be replaced. With Scott Road being the only means of access to several businesses on one side of Montour Run, the options for bridge closure were limited…” The full article will be available on our website www.bgfma.org as well as on the Roads & Bridges website http://www.roadsbridges.com/ later in October when the publication is mailed out.
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